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Lily Ah Toy
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Background Information / Further Reading

  • Hakka - An Important Element of Chinese Culture
    Lily comes from a Hakka family. The Hakkas are a unique ethnic group of Han Chinese originally active around the Yellow River area.
  • The Chinese Heritage of Australian Federation
    The Chinese Heritage of Australian Federation Project celebrates the contribution of Australia's Chinese communities to the early founding and subsequent development of Australia. It focuses on the private, community and public life of Australia's Chinese communities before and after Federation in 1901
  • Tracking the Dragon
    A guide for finding and assessing Chinese Australian heritage places, from The Australian Heritage Commission


  • Northern Territory Archives Service
    The Northern Territory Archives Services has tape recordings of an oral history by Lily Ah Toy and photographic copy prints of Pine Creek. The Library also has a special collection about the Chinese community in the Northern Territory.
full interview
brief biography
study guide
TV script
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Australian Biography